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Spotlight on Tamarin Monkeys

The are several species of tamarin monkeys that live in the Amazon Basin, but one of the most common is the emperor tamarin or saguinus imperator. Allegedly named for its resemblance to the German emperor Wilhelm II. They reside in the tropical forests around Peru, the west of Brazil and parts of Bolivia. Most of the tamarin’s fur is grey and black with little yellowish patches and a brown tail, but its most distinctive feature is its magnificent white moustache which extends out and curls downwards from its nose.

Typically, an emperor tamarin will reach a body length of around 25 centimetres with a strong tail that extends out a further 35 centimetres and weighs in just under half a kilo. They live together in groups of between 2 and 8 individuals led by the oldest female in the dense tree-covered tropical forests. Most of their days are spent swinging around in the trees, grooming each other to build bonds and rarely dropping to the forest floor where they are vulnerable to attack from predators.

Like the other species of tamarins, emperors are omnivores living off at diet of tropical fruits that can be found in abundance, some flowers depending on the season and their location, sap they’ve managed to prize out of trees and the odd insect. When they’re feeling hungry, they might go after tree frogs or cheekily steel the bird eggs when the parents are away from the nests. There small size, agile bodies and useful tails are an advantage making it easy for them to clamber along to the end of thin branches inaccessible for larger mammals. When the dominant female creates a troop to scavenge for food, they are known to work alongside other species of tamarin.

The gestation period for tamarins is roughly the same across the board and females give birth after around 140 to 150 days. Interestingly, they almost always birth twins, though triplets are not that uncommon. Afterwards, both the female and male are involved in the care of their young. The males will scavenge for food and carry the little ones, while the females help with feeding. After 3 months, the young are weaned off milk and start to eat solids. These are the most dangerous months for the young when the there is a high risk of falling from the canopy. If they do survive, they quickly mature and after 2 years they usually set off to build their own group living for more than 15 years.

In the wild, there are some concerns to the declining population which is affected by human encroachment and deforestation, though they are no yet listed as endangered. There are several locations like the Manu National Park where tamarins thrive. Interestingly, these social creatures are known to seek out human interaction when in captivity and there are reports from zoos that the critters like to be stroked and petted.

Want to catch a glimpse of emperor tamarins in the wild? Get in touch with one of our Amazon experts today on +44 (0) 207 407 1478 or email us here.

Select Latin America joins up with Galapagos Conservation Trust

Copyright David Horwell

We are happy to have renewed a partnership with the Galapagos Conservation Trust. This non-profit organization raises money to help preserve these wonderful islands. Based in the UK it is part of the Charles Darwin Foundation who maintain a scientific research station in the archipelago. They advise the National park and help with specific projects. Among these are monitoring whale sharks, surveying resident seabirds like the endangered penguins and cormorants, repatriating giant tortoises that are captive-bred and restoring islands to their pristine state by eradicating introduced organisms. A recent project is to restore Floreana island, to re-introduce the endemic Galapagos mockingbird, a species that were as inspirational to Charles Darwin as the finches that bear his name. The GCT also fund environmental education of local students in the inhabited islands, for they are the future guardians. We will donate a year’s membership of the trust to each of our passengers visiting the Galapagos.

A typical day in the Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos archipelago lies off the Ecuadorian mainland and is home to some of the most fascinating wildlife on the planet. It’s isolated location, lack of predators, a little contact with humans over thousands of years has helped the fearless wildlife flourish. Nowhere else on earth can you see some a range of species, from flightless cormorants, penguins, and giant tortoises that roam around on the highlands, while sharks, dolphins, and whales take refuge in the plankton rich waters. Without a doubt, the easiest way to see the island is on board one of the many cruise ships.  No day is the same, with new experiences and wildlife found on every island and site, but a typical day looks something like this.

In the morning, you will wake up to the sounds of sea birds and the gentle lapping of the ocean. Up on deck, you’ll likely to get you first sight of birds which circle around the boat above. Your crew will already have been up early creating a spread of eggs, toast, fresh fruits, yogurts, cereals, juice, and coffee for your breakfast.  You’ll have some time to eat and get ready before the excursion begins. During breakfast, your guide will give you a briefing of the day, what you’re likely to see, and what you’ll need to bring with you.

Board pangas (inflatable boats), to and cross over for either a wet or dry-landing. If wet, you’ll jump out into the water and wade through onto the beach. During a dry landing, the boat will moor up and allow you to step ashore. Which one depends on the site you are visiting. Once on shore, your naturalist guide will take you on a walk, perhaps up to a viewpoint. Along the way, you’ll likely to see everything from noisy sea lion colonies, blue-footed boobies doing their hilarious mating dance, great frigatebirds expanding their colourful red poach, iguanas basking in the sunshine, and waddling penguins. Your guide will help you identify the species, as well as the flora of the island. Back at the shore, you can don snorkel masks and fins and jump into the sea to explore the marine life of turtles, small reef sharks, and colourful schools of fish.

Having worked up an appetite, you’ll board pangas to ride back to the boat. The chef will have been busy preparing a delicious buffet style lunch which typically includes pastas, meat, cheese, bread, vegetables, and some dessert, along with fresh fruit and juices. You’ll have a little time to relax as the boat cruises on to the next destination.

You’ll motor to a new site which will reveal a whole host of new species to discover. For example on Santa Cruz island, you’ll head up the windy roads to the lush green highlands. With your ever present guide, you’ll hike through the greenery in search of some of the island’s giant Galapagos tortoises. They move slowly, so they’re never hard to find. Enjoy close encounters with alien-looking but gentle ambling creatures.

Return to the coast. If time permits, you’ll be taken to another site for some snorkelling. In the cool waters, perhaps spot large manta ray, a colourful parrot fish, a green turtle, or a playful sea lion pup whose inquisitiveness with bring them up close to you. The underwater life in the Galapagos is simply astounding, with rare coral reefs and fascinating marine creatures. You may even spot the odd harmless reef shark gracefully swimming. As always, your naturalist guide will be with you to help you spot and identify the flora and fauna species. With just 16 passengers to every naturalist guide, you’ll have their full attention during the trip.

Back on board, you’ll have plenty of time to relax and enjoy a delicious dinner prepared by the onboard chef. Have a glass of wine, swap stories with your fellow guests, look up at the stars (both hemispheres are clearly visible), listen to a briefing of tomorrows itinerary, and get a good night’s sleep, ready for tomorrow’s experience.

To start planning your cruise in the Galapagos, take a look through our Galapagos tour suggestions, call our Galapagos experts on +44 (0) 207 407 1478, or email us here.

New Suites at Napo Wildlife Centre

AMAZON IN STYLE

You can’t beat spotting Amazon wildlife at Napo Wildlife Centre in Ecuador. This lodge is set within the Yasuni National Park. This comfortable eco-lodge has now added four panoramic suites. If you fancy the jungle with a private whirlpool on a panoramic balcony, this is your place. Not to mention a cosy living room with a glass floor above the water to spot caiman alligators passing below. From your hammock, you might spot pre-historic hoatzins, huge arapaima fish, and even giant otters on the hunt for piranhas.

After taking a half-hour flight from Quito. Napo Wildlife Centre sits by Anangu Lagoon, a couple of hours by canoe from Coca/San Francisco de Orellana. You can explore the virgin forest on guided hikes, take canoe-rides and visits to a nearby parrot clay lick. For bird-watchers, there is a watchtower. For a bit of culture visits to an indigenous kichwa community. Ecuador is one of the most accessible places to visit the Amazon and one of the most diverse. You could easily combine this with a Galapagos cruise.

Whale watching in Costa Rica starts in July

Now is the time to head down to warm waters of the Golfo Dulce in southern Costa Rica. Pacific humpback whales arrive on their annual migration to mate and socialize. After spending the southern summer in Antarctica, they head to the tropics the breed. They stay until October. You will get up-close to giant sentient beings that share the planet with us. These southern whales hang-out in the protected waters of the Golfo Dulce and the Ballena National Marine Park. Here they enjoy shallow coastal waters and protection from natural predators like sharks and Orcas. National Geographic rated Costa Rica the 7th best place in the world for whale watching. Watch their tail-slapping displays, breaches above the water and spot their distinctive humps.

“I remember vividly the first time I saw a humpback whale in the wild. Suddenly, a spray of water erupted from the calm blue-green water a few hundred yards off the beach. The long, black and barnacled form of a mother humpback whale surfaced gracefully for air. Our little group pointed excitedly at the huge whale. Then we gasped in delight as we caught sight of the smaller shape of her baby swimming by her side.
We jumped into a boat, and at a respectful distance, we cruised along with mother and baby as they slowly swam along the dark green coast thick with rainforest. Pairs of Scarlet Macaws flew overhead as sunset neared, heading to roost in tall shoreline trees for the night. The whales disappeared out of sight, and we motored back enchanted.” Shannon Farley.

 
If seeing whales and dolphins up close in their natural environment is on your bucket list, you can go on Costa Rica whale-watching tours from Playa Nicuesa Rainforest Lodge starting toward the end of July through the end of September. Keep a look-out also for visiting whale sharks, the largest fish in the sea. Nicuesa Lodge is giving a special offer of one free night when you stay a minimum of three or more nights. Contact us for more details.

Albatross Breeding Season Comes to Galapagos

The albatross breeding season has started. The waved albatross is the largest species of bird in the Galapagos Islands. They only nest on Española Island, where they can be spotted from the April until the December. This coincides with the cooler season when waters are richer in food. They are called the waved albatross after the wavy lines on their breast. Their courtship ritual is one of the most entertaining spectacles in the archipelago. During the courtship, the male approaches the female, then moves around her. They clack their beaks noisily together and point towards the sky. An eerie rattling sound follow, and much honking prevails. They sway around elaborately leading each other on. The movements are repeated many times. They manage to find their partners from previous years. It is said that they mate for life, which can be up to 40 years. They only lay one large egg on bare ground, which weighs nearly 300g. Once-hatched they rapidly grow, until 6 months later are ready to fledge. One reason they like Española island is it is flat and they can easily take off the cliffs. Film copyright David Horwell.

If you wish to book a Galapagos cruise contact the experts.

10 exotic creatures you’ll see in Costa Rica

Costa Rica is one of the most biodiverse places on earth and a must for wildlife enthusiasts. While it would be impossible to list every species of flora and fauna (there are over half a million species in the Central American country, more than 4% of the world’s plants, insects and animals) we’ve picked 10 of the most exotic, unique and intriguing.

Three-toed sloth

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Flickr: Martha

This arboreal creature is native to the rainforests of Central and South America. These slow-moving tree dwellers move at a top speed of 35 metres per day. This isn’t surprising when you know that they spend almost their entire life sleeping. Interesting, these clean creatures descend to the forest floor to defecate, a dangerous move for a creature which moves at such a slow pace and something scientists still don’t understand.

Strawberry poison dart frogs

This colourful little frogs may look cute, but they are one of the most poisonous creatures on the planet. In many parts of South and Central America, local tribes rolled their blow-dart tips over the frogs’ skin coating it in poison and paralyzing any animal they hunt. Researchers have found many medicinal uses for the toxins including anesthetics. Their bright colours are there to ward of predators and they have the ability to morph colour.

Ocelot

Flickr: Valerie

Flickr: Valerie

This sleek nocturnal cats are found in almost every country in North, Central and South America with the exception of Chile. They are small, measuring in at around twice the size of a domestic cat. They are fairly elusive and certainly the hardest to spot on this list. They were once hunted for their fur which decimated the population, but today they are not considered as threatened.

White headed capuchin monkey

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Flickr: Alias 0591

This medium sized new world monkey is native to the forests of Central and South America. It plays an important role in the rainforest ecology by helping to disperse seeds. They live in troops of over twenty males and females and eat fruit, insects and amphibians. This species of monkey is particularly smart creating and using tools and using plants for medicinal uses.

Chestnut-mandibled toucan

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Flickr: Don Faulkner

The chestnut-mandibled toucan can be found in Costa Rica in abundance. This large colourful birds most distinct feature is its elongated beak which it uses with precision to open fruit and nuts. They tend to move around in flocks of around 10 members and rarely fly further than 100 metres at a time. They can be heard yelping and singing in chorus during evening roosts.

Mexican tree frog

Another interesting frog to spot in Costa Rica also known as the Baudin’s tree frog. This nocturnal frog is interesting due to the deep sounds it makes at night. Unlike the poison dart frogs, the Mexican tree frog is not poisonous and is commonly found throughout forested areas of the country and other parts of North and Central America.

Golden orb weavers

If you suffer from arachnophobia, this won’t be a creature you’ll want to spot in Costa Rica. Found throughout the warmer countries of the world, the golden orb weavers are also called the banana spider due to its habit of hiding in bunches of bananas. They are expert hunters and their strength allows them to the occasional catch small birds and snakes. They are venomous, but it isn’t lethal to humans.

Coati

Flickr: Neil Turner

Flickr: Neil Turner

Also known as snookum bears or hog-nosed racoon, this coati is closely related to the racoon. They are fairly passive creatures, but when threatened they can lash out defending themselves with their sharp teeth and strong jaws.  Interestingly, coatis walk plantigrade, which means they can walk upright on their legs, much like humans. They are not yet threatened, although their loss of habitat may start to have some detrimental effects to the population.

King vulture

Flickr: patries71

Flickr: patries71

When most people think of vultures, they think of large birds crowding around a fresh kill, and this is correct. But what most people don’t know is, like their Andean and Californian condors, they are very graceful when they glide and circle overhead. The numbers are estimated to be 100,000 so they are not under threat and their wingspan can reach over 6 feet.

American crocodile

The American crocodile which is found throughout North, Central and South American, although they are now considered threatened with estimates of only a few thousand left in the wild. These crocs have become particularly large along the Tárcoles River in Costa Rica where locals and tourists feed them. Here they can reach up to 5-metres and over half a ton in weight.

To see Costa Rica’s wildlife for yourself, call one of our specialists on +44 (0) 207 407 1478 or email us here. Take a look at our Costa Rica suggested tours here.

10 strange creatures from Latin America

The world is fully of wondrous creatures, like the jaguar which roams the jungles of Latin America. However, some evolved to be a little weird looking. One must always remember a quote from Darwin when thinking of these animals.

“The love for all living creatures is the most noble attribute of man”
– Charles Darwin

Rosy-lipped batfish

The rosy-lipped batfish and red-lipped batfish which hail from Costa Rica and the Galapagos Islands. As you will notice, their most prominent feature if their bright human-like lips. These poor swimmers have specially adapted fins which they use to walk along the ocean bed.

Frogfish

The odd looking frogfish uses its camouflage to both protect themselves from predators and lure in prey. The frogfish moves very slowly before striking at their prey in as little as 6 milliseconds. They can be found in the waters around Cocos Island, Costa Rica.

Amazon horned frog

Also known as the Surinam horned frog, this large amphibian inhabits the rainforests and mangroves of the Amazon Basin and grow up to 20cms long. They are most active at night and use their long tongue to catch prey.

Hoatzin

These pheasant-sized birds, which live in a huge area of the Amazon, may not look that strange, but it doesn’t get its nickname stinkbird for nothing. Its smell comes from the fermentation of food in the bird’s digestive system.

Axolotl

Also known as the Mexican salamander, this little amphibian originated in the lakes that underlie Mexico City. Interestingly, axolotls don’t undergo metamorphosis and spend their entire life living under the water using gills to breath.

White-faced saki monkey

These strange looking new world monkeys inhabit the jungles of French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela and Brazil. They live in the lower canopy and feed from insects and fruit. The white-faced saki monkey mates for life and strengthens their bond by grooming.

Panda ant

These little creatures get their name from their distinct markings which resemble a panda. Found along the coastline of Chile, they are relatively rare and were only first discovered in the 30s. Though they are called ants, they are in fact a type of wingless wasp.

Venezuelan poodle moth

Only discovered in 2009 by Dr. Arthur Anker in Gran Sabana in Venezuela, not much is known about this cute little moth.

Blue parrotfish

The strangely beautiful and magical blue parrotfish can be found in the warm Caribbean waters along the coast of Colombia and Central America. Like other parrotfish, they develop beaks which they use to scrap the algae from rocks.

Pink fairy armadillos

These pygmy armadillos are tiny compared to other species of the same family, measuring up at only 10cms. They are slow movers, other than burrowing which they can do super-fast, particularly when threatened.

Would you like to see the strange wildlife of Latin America? Give us a call on +44 (0) 207 407 1478 to speak with one of our wildlife specialists or send us a message here.

Top 5 holidays in Argentina

At 2.7 million km², Argentina is the 8th largest country in the world. It’s therefore hardly surprising that geographically, the country is rather diverse. In the north, the colourful terracotta gorges and fertile vineyards give way to flat grasslands in the central region. Further south, towering glaciers and sparse windswept steppes inhabited by guanacos makes up the majority of the landscape.

Waves of Spanish, Italian, Welsh, Germans and other European nationalities have mixed with the indigenous cultures leaving a people that are equally diverse.

Such a large country cannot be fully explored within a two-week holiday, but deciding on where one should visit can often be tricky. Here is a rundown of 5 very different holidays which span the breadth of this beautiful country.

Enchanting Northwest – Buenos Aires, Salta, Cachi, Cafayate

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Packaged neatly into two weeks including international flights, this tour focuses on the colourful terracotta-tinted gorges and canyons of the northwest. During the thirteen-day tour visitors will hike, cycling amongst vineyards, learn about the history and production of wine making. We’ll also make time to discover the capital Buenos Aires and spend a night watching the famed Argentine dance at one of the many tango clubs.

To find out more or book Enchanting Northwest, click here.

Crossing the Andes & Plains – Santiago, Valparaiso, Mendoza, Buenos Aires, Pampas

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This unique tour crosses the width of the continent from the Valparaiso on the Pacific to Buenos Aires near the Atlantic. Begin in Chile’s capital Santiago which you will explore with a local guide and include a day trip to the colourful hilly port town Valparaiso. Cross over the mighty Andes into Argentina and stay outside Mendoza in the rich wine growing region. Surrounding by vineyards, you’ll have plenty of time to cycle, hike and sample some delightful Malbecs. Continue to the capital Buenos Aires, known also as the ‘Paris of South America’, and for good reason. You’ll spend your last days on a traditional ranch in the Pampas learning to horse ride, sharing a mate with gauchos and eating traditional Argentine asados.

To find out more or book Crossing the Andes & Plains, click here.

Wales & Welsh – Buenos Aires, Trelew, Valdes Peninsula, Bariloche

Puerto Madryl

A perfect blend of culture and wildlife, this eleven-day bespoke tour captures the beauty and rich history of both the Valdes Peninsula and the Lake District. A sizeable Welsh community immigrated to Chubut to farm the lands and left their mark which is still visible today. Tour the Valdes Peninsula watching waddling penguins, orcas, noisy sea lions and breaching southern right whales. In the heart of Argentina’s Lake District is Bariloche, an Alpine-style town looking like it came straight out of Switzerland. Here you’ll explore the town and hike the surrounding lake trails including the Arrayanes Forest with a guide.

To find out more or book Wales & Welsh, click here.

Wild Argentina – Buenos Aires, Pampas, Valdes Peninsula, Ibera Wetlands, Iguazu

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This is the tour for wildlife lovers, a thirteen-day wildlife extravaganza from the marine creatures on rocky Valdes Peninsula to the exotic creatures that inhabit the Ibera wetlands. After a short stay in Buenos Aires, you continue to the Pampas to spend several days learning to horse ride and bird watching. Fly down to the Valdes Peninsula and observe orcas, penguins, sea lions. You’ll also get up close to southern right whales on a boat trip. Fly north and stay in remote lodge in the Ibera Wetlands. This area has a high concentration of wildlife including howler monkeys, exotic bird life, caiman, storks and much more. Finish the tour at the mighty Iguazu Falls.

To find out more or book Wild Argentina, click here.

Patagonia Ice Trail – Buenos Aires, Ushuaia, El Chalten, El Calafate

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A tour for serious hikers and nature lovers. The emphasis of this trip is to explore Patagonia, and area of dramatic mountains, towering glaciers and rugged windswept steppe in Argentina’s southernmost region. After a day in Buenos Aires fly to Ushuaia, the world’s most southerly town. Here you’ll visit Tierra del Fuego National Park, take Beagle Channel cruise and Harberton Ranch. The rest of the time will be spent between El Calafate and El Chalten. Hike to Mt Fitz Roy base camp, trek to Laguna Torre and Laguna de los Tres and paddle along the crystal-clear waters of the Ovando River.

To find out more or book Patagonia Ice Trail, click here.

If you would like to speak with one of our Argentine specialists, call us on +44 (0) 207 408 1478 and start planning your trip of a lifetime today.

8 incredible things you’ll do on a cruise in the Galapagos Islands

The Galapagos Islands is arguably one of the finest wildlife spots in the world. With a high proportion of endemic creatures, this was famously the archipelago that Charles Darwin came up with his theory of evolution. It may not be known as much for its human history, but the tales of whalers, buccaneers and mysterious early settlers are just as fascinating.

Here we’ll run through 8 of the best things you will do on an 8-day cruise with us in the Galapagos. Would you like to walk with giant Galapagos tortoises in the wild or swim in the swallows with playful sea lion pups? Take a look at our list of Galapagos cruises and get booking today.

Snorkel with turtles

What could be better than donning a snorkelling mask and swimming with the warm clear waters alongside graceful turtles in the wild? These beautiful creatures live here in abundance, and with snorkelling opportunities every day on most of our cruises, you’ll be sure to spot plenty of them. Silently glide alongside these fearless marine creatures as they search for food.

Walk along the red beach of Rabida

The Galapagos never ceases to amaze in its diversity. On Rabida, a small central island near Santiago, the beaches are deep red, almost maroon coloured. Why? The high content of iron in the rock oxides, making it effectively go rusty. This doesn’t stop the wildlife of which you can see species aplenty. A colony of noisy sea lions bask along the beach, marine iguanas lounge, while brown pelicans and blue-footed boobies build their nest.

Watch the mating dance of the waved albatross

This one’s not only specific to the Galapagos Islands, it’s specific to one island, Española. During April and May the waved albatross return to the island to find a mate. Their curious mating dance of bill clapping, circling and sky pointing. We were lucky enough to see the display close up, a film of which you can see above.

See golden rays in Black Turtle Cove

One of our favourites. The mangroves of Black Turtle Cove are often done on the last morning before departing. Zip down through the secluded estuary on Santa Cruz Island on board dinghies at turn of the engines, after which the real magic begins. Turtles rise to the surface to breath and white tipped reef sharks dart past. However, the real highlight is the schools of golden rays, seen just under the water’s surface.

Post a letter a Post Office Bay

The Galapagos may be known for its wildlife, but humans have also made their mark. Whalers used Floreana Island as a stop off point since the early 19th century. Here they left a wooden barrel at the now named Post Office Bay, from which mail could be left and collected by passersby. When you visit, be sure to leave your piece of mail, and collect some unstamped mail to deliver or hand deliver on your return.

See marine life at the Devil’s Crown

The Devil’s Crown is perhaps the best dive site on the archipelago. The sunken volcanic crater, eroded by waves over thousands of years, is inhabited by a coral reef. This along with the currents, make an ideal home for marine life. Snorkellers are treated to the sight of colourful tropical fish, turtles, marine iguanas and small sharks. If you are a beginner, be sure to stay within the crown, as hammerheads often circle around the outside.

Walk with giant Galapagos tortoises

The iconic giant Galapagos tortoises (of which there are several species), are what gave the archipelago its name. Famously, the islands were home to lonesome George, the last of his species found alone on Pinta Island. He died in 2012, but it’s still possible to go to the highlands of Santa Cruz and walk, albeit slowly, with these gentle giants.

Take a dingy around Kicker Rock

Its Spanish name is Leon Dormido, which literally translates to ‘Sleeping Lion’, an apt name for the two rocky outcrops in the south east of the archipelago. Take a dingy through the narrow channel where an incredible variety of wildlife can be seen. On the cliffs above, nesting blue-footed boobies and frigatebirds can be seen.

Has this whetted the appetite for the Galapagos and the spectacular wildlife that can be seem? If you have any questions about visiting the islands or would like some advice on booking, get in touch with us today or have a look at our Galapagos tour suggestions.

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