A poor state economically but undoubtedly the richest culturally.
This southern state borders Guatemala with landscapes of lush tropical rainforests to rugged pine covered mountains. The indigenous Mayan descendants are most prominent in this part of Mexico, where you can experience the religion and customs.
The charming town of San Cristóbal de las Casas; with its cobbled narrow streets, colonial architecture, lively markets and colourful locals is a base to explore the region. Outside of the town are many pretty traditional villages that can be reached on day trips.
Do not miss the impressive waterfalls of Agua Azul, and a boat trip along the spectacular Sumidero Canyon with its sheer cliffs.
Hidden deep in the rainforest to the north is the enchanting ruin of Palenque. This huge Mayan site seems to be emerging from the surrounding rainforest, with parrots and monkeys playing in branches. The ruins of Yaxchilan and Bonampak are even further out but well worth a visit.
Colonial and Mayan treasures
When to go: All year round